To change your name and/or gender marker, you will need to go through your local Maine Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV). Find your local BMV here.
If you live in New England, you may be able to get free legal representation through the GLAD Pop-Up ID Project. From GLAD: "Transgender people living in New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island or Vermont) seeking to update their legal name and gender on federal and state documents can receive free legal representation through this rapid-response program."
Changing your name
To change your name on your Maine driver's license or ID, you will need to bring your current license or ID to your local BMW, along with proof of your name change, such as your court order, or certificate of name change. You will also need to pay a $5.00 fee for a replacement license/ID. While your request is being processed, you will be issued a temporary (paper) license or ID.
Do I need to be on hormones, or have had surgery to change my name on my Maine ID?
No. People change their names all the time, for all kinds of reasons. There are no special requirements for changing your name on your Maine driver's license or ID just because you are trans or gender non-conforming.
Changing your gender marker
Update: Non-Binary Gender on Maine IDs
The State of Maine now recognizes non-binary gender on driver's licenses and IDs! Starting on Monday, June 11th 2018, if you identify as non-binary, you can use the same 'Gender Designation Form' to have your gender identity represented on your Maine ID.
What will the marker be for non-binary on a Maine ID?
The gender marker for non-binary gender in Maine will be 'X' - instead of 'M' or 'F.'
What will the process be for changing my gender marker to X for non-binary?
The process will eventually be exactly the same as any other gender marker change. At this time, the software used by the BMV does not support gender markers other than 'M' or 'F.' As a temporary solution, if you change your gender marker to 'X,' your Gender Designation Form will be sent to Augusta, and they will send back an 'Gender has been changed to X - non-binary' sticker to be placed on the back of your Maine license or ID. State law does not allow any alteration to the front of an ID - this is why the sticker correcting your gender marker must be placed on the back of the ID.
The BMV will be working on changing their system to support 'X' as a gender marker - they are expected to have a solution by July, 2019. When their system is fixed, you will be issued a new license with your correct gender marker printed on the front.
Is there a fee for changing my gender marker to X?
No. At this time, the state will not charge a fee for issuing the gender marker correction sticker.
Process at the BMV
To change your gender marker on your Maine driver's license or ID, you will need to bring your current license or ID to your local BMV, along with an original, completed "Gender Designation Form." You will need your doctor, counselor, therapist, or licensed social worker to complete the bottom half of the form for you.
When you go to the BMV, give them your "Gender Designation Form" and your current license or ID. There will be a $5.00 fee for them to issue a replacement license/ID. At this time, they should also take a new photo for your license or ID. While your request is being processed, you will be issued a temporary (paper) license or ID.
Do I need to be on hormones, or have had surgery to change the gender marker on my Maine ID?
No. The BMV should not ask you about any of these things, they are not required. The only thing you need in terms of documentation is your "Gender Designation Form." If the BMV does ask you about any of these things, call the GLAD Legal Helpline.